Choosing the Best Camera for Wildlife Photography as a Beginner

Looking to start wildlife photography? This article will guide you in choosing the perfect camera for beginners. Explore options and get started now!

Are you a beginner photographer looking to venture into the exciting world of wildlife photography? If so, you’ve come to the right place! In this article, we will guide you on choosing the best camera for wildlife photography as a beginner. As a professional photographer and educator, we have extensive experience in conducting workshops and providing guidance to photographers of all levels. Whether you’re an absolute beginner or have some background in photography, we will help you navigate through the options and find the perfect camera that suits your needs. So, let’s embark on this thrilling journey together and explore the world of wildlife photography!

Choosing the Best Camera for Wildlife Photography as a Beginner

Understanding Wildlife Photography

Introduction to Wildlife Photography

Wildlife photography is a captivating and rewarding genre that allows us to capture the beauty and intricacies of the natural world. It is a form of photography that requires skill, patience, and an understanding of animal behavior. In this article, we will explore the importance of choosing the right camera for wildlife photography, the factors to consider when making a selection, and highlight some recommended brands and camera models. We will also delve into lenses, accessories, and learning resources to help you enhance your wildlife photography skills. With the right camera and knowledge, you can embark on an exciting journey of capturing mesmerizing images of animals in their natural habitats.

Importance of Choosing the Right Camera

When it comes to wildlife photography, having the right camera is crucial. It is the tool that allows us to freeze moments and immortalize the beauty of the animal kingdom. Choosing the right camera for wildlife photography involves considering various factors such as budget, camera type, sensor size, zoom range, and autofocus performance. Each of these elements plays a significant role in determining the capabilities and overall suitability of a camera for capturing wildlife moments. Let’s dive deeper into each factor to understand their importance in making an informed choice.

Factors to Consider


Setting a budget is often one of the first steps in any camera purchase. Wildlife photography can be an expensive endeavor, but it is possible to find cameras that cater to different budgets. While high-end professional cameras offer advanced features and image quality, there are also entry-level options that can produce impressive results without breaking the bank. Therefore, it is essential to define your budget range and explore cameras within that range that meet your specific needs.

Camera Type

There are several camera types available, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. The three main types commonly used in wildlife photography are DSLR (Digital Single-Lens Reflex), mirrorless cameras, and superzoom cameras. DSLRs have long been the preferred choice for wildlife photographers due to their fast autofocus, robust build quality, and extensive lens selection. Mirrorless cameras, on the other hand, offer compactness, lighter weight, and advanced features like silent shooting and in-body image stabilization. Superzoom cameras specialize in providing a wide zoom range, delivering versatility in capturing subjects at different distances within the wildlife habitat.

Sensor Size

The sensor size of a camera plays a significant role in image quality, particularly in low light conditions. Cameras with larger sensors generally have better low-light performance and produce images with less noise. Full-frame sensors offer the largest sensor size and are favored by many professional wildlife photographers. APS-C or Micro Four Thirds sensors are smaller but still provide excellent image quality, often at a more affordable price point. Consider your shooting environment and lighting conditions to determine the ideal sensor size for your wildlife photography needs.

Zoom Range

Wildlife photography often requires capturing subjects that are difficult to approach closely. Having a camera with a versatile zoom range allows you to adjust your focal length to fill the frame with your subject, even from a distance. Some cameras come with built-in zoom lenses, while others offer interchangeable lens systems that enable you to customize your zoom range by selecting different lenses. Assess the type of animals you intend to photograph and the distances you will be shooting from to choose a camera with an appropriate zoom range.

Autofocus Performance

The ability to quickly and accurately focus on fast-moving subjects is crucial in wildlife photography. Look for a camera that offers fast and reliable autofocus (AF) performance, particularly when it comes to tracking wildlife. Cameras with advanced AF systems often have more focus points, higher frame rates, and superior subject tracking capabilities. Consider the autofocus features that are important to you, such as face detection or animal eye autofocus, to ensure your camera can keep up with the unpredictable nature of wildlife.

Choosing the Best Camera for Wildlife Photography as a Beginner

Types of Cameras

DSLR (Digital Single-Lens Reflex)

DSLR cameras have long been the go-to choice for wildlife photographers due to their robust build quality, extensive lens options, and fast autofocus. They utilize a mirror mechanism that directs light from the lens to an optical viewfinder, allowing for a direct and immediate real-time view of the scene. DSLRs offer excellent image quality and the ability to capture fast-moving subjects effectively. Canon and Nikon are well-known brands that produce a range of DSLR cameras suitable for wildlife photography.

Mirrorless Cameras

Mirrorless cameras have gained popularity in recent years due to their compact size, lighter weight, and advanced features. Unlike DSLRs, mirrorless cameras do not have an optical viewfinder and instead rely on electronic viewfinders or LCD screens for composing images. They utilize electronic sensors to capture light directly, resulting in quieter shooting and potential improvements in autofocus performance. Sony is a leading brand in the mirrorless camera market, offering models known for their exceptional image quality and advanced autofocus capabilities.

Superzoom Cameras

Superzoom cameras, also known as bridge cameras, are designed with a wide zoom range that covers a broad focal length spectrum. They generally offer a fixed lens, providing convenience and versatility for wildlife photographers who prefer not to carry multiple lenses. Superzoom cameras often feature long zoom lenses that reach impressive focal lengths, making them suitable for capturing wildlife from a distance. However, they can have limitations in low-light performance and image quality compared to DSLRs or mirrorless cameras.

Bridge Cameras

Bridge cameras are similar to superzoom cameras in terms of their fixed lens and wide zoom range. They bridge the gap between point-and-shoot cameras and DSLRs/mirrorless cameras, offering more advanced features and manual controls than compact cameras. Bridge cameras are known for their versatility and ease of use, making them suitable for beginner wildlife photographers who want a combination of convenience and image quality.

Recommended Brands for Wildlife Photography


Canon is a renowned brand in the photography industry, offering a wide range of cameras and lenses. They have a strong presence in the wildlife photography community, with DSLR models known for their robustness and excellent autofocus systems. Canon’s flagship DSLR, the Canon EOS-1D X Mark III, is a professional-grade camera often favored by wildlife photographers for its exceptional performance and weather sealing capabilities.


Nikon is another highly regarded brand among wildlife photographers, particularly for their flagship DSLR cameras. Nikon cameras are known for their durability, image quality, and advanced autofocus systems. The Nikon D850 is a popular choice for wildlife photography, featuring high-resolution image capabilities, impressive low-light performance, and fast continuous shooting speeds.


Sony has made significant strides in the mirrorless camera market, offering models that are highly regarded for their image quality, autofocus performance, and innovative features. Sony cameras often excel in low-light conditions, making them suitable for wildlife photography scenarios with challenging lighting. The Sony Alpha a9 II is a flagship model renowned for its incredibly fast autofocus and burst shooting capabilities, making it ideal for capturing wildlife in action.


Olympus specializes in producing Micro Four Thirds mirrorless cameras, offering a compact and lightweight option for wildlife photographers. Olympus cameras are known for their advanced image stabilization, allowing for steady handheld shooting in various environments. The Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark III is a popular choice among wildlife photographers for its weather sealing, fast autofocus, and versatile features.

Choosing the Best Camera for Wildlife Photography as a Beginner

Specific Camera Models

Canon EOS 90D

The Canon EOS 90D is a versatile DSLR camera suitable for wildlife photography, especially for beginners and enthusiasts. It features a 32.5-megapixel APS-C sensor, providing excellent image quality and high-resolution capabilities. The 45-point all cross-type autofocus system ensures quick and accurate focusing, ideal for capturing animals in motion. The 10 frames per second continuous shooting speed allows for capturing fast-paced wildlife moments, and the weather sealing protects the camera in various outdoor conditions.

Nikon D5600

The Nikon D5600 is an entry-level DSLR camera with features that make it well-suited for wildlife photography beginners. It offers a 24.2-megapixel APS-C sensor, delivering impressive image quality and good low-light performance. The 39-point autofocus system provides reliable focusing, and the EXPEED 4 image processor allows for fast continuous shooting at 5 frames per second. The lightweight and compact design make it easy to carry during outdoor wildlife expeditions.

Sony Alpha a6000

The Sony Alpha a6000 is a mirrorless camera that combines portability with impressive performance, making it suitable for wildlife photography enthusiasts. It features a 24.3-megapixel APS-C sensor, offering excellent image quality and the ability to capture fine details. The Fast Hybrid autofocus system ensures quick and accurate focusing, even in challenging lighting conditions. With the ability to shoot at 11 frames per second and record full HD videos, the Sony Alpha a6000 is a versatile camera for capturing wildlife moments.

Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark IV

The Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark IV is a compact and lightweight mirrorless camera, perfect for wildlife photographers who prioritize portability without compromising on image quality. It features a 20.3-megapixel Micro Four Thirds sensor, producing sharp and detailed images. The in-body 5-axis image stabilization system enables handheld shooting even in low-light situations. The advanced autofocus system with face and eye detection ensures precise focusing on wildlife subjects. With its intuitive control layout and built-in creative shooting modes, the E-M10 Mark IV is an excellent choice for wildlife photography enthusiasts.

Lenses for Wildlife Photography

Understanding Lens Focal Length

The focal length of a lens determines its field of view and magnification capabilities. In wildlife photography, lenses with longer focal lengths are often preferred as they allow for capturing distant subjects. Telephoto lenses, typically with focal lengths of 300mm or more, are ideal for photographing wildlife from a distance without disturbing their natural behavior. Wide-angle lenses can also be useful for capturing animals within their environment or creating impactful landscapes with wildlife as a prominent feature.

Zoom Lenses vs Prime Lenses

Zoom lenses provide flexibility by allowing photographers to adjust the focal length within a range. They are versatile for wildlife photography, as they provide the convenience of capturing subjects at different distances without the need to change lenses. Prime lenses, on the other hand, have a fixed focal length. While they lack versatility, they often offer superior image quality and wider maximum apertures, making them suitable for low-light situations or achieving a shallow depth of field.

Recommended Lens Options

For wildlife photography, some recommended lens options are telephoto zoom lenses such as the Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM, Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 200-500mm f/5.6E ED VR, Sony FE 200-600mm f/5.6-6.3 G OSS, and Olympus M.Zuiko Digital ED 75-300mm f/4.8-6.7 II. These lenses provide the necessary reach to capture animals in their natural habitat while maintaining image quality. Additionally, wide-angle zoom lenses like the Canon EF 16-35mm f/2.8L III USM, Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 14-24mm f/2.8G ED, and Sony FE 16-35mm f/2.8 GM can be useful for including wildlife in landscape compositions or creating immersive environmental shots.

Choosing the Best Camera for Wildlife Photography as a Beginner

Accessories for Wildlife Photography


A sturdy tripod is an essential accessory for wildlife photography, particularly when shooting in low light conditions or when using heavy telephoto lenses. It provides stability, eliminates camera shake, and allows for precise composition. Look for tripods that are durable, lightweight, and easily adjustable to accommodate different shooting angles. Some recommended tripod brands include Manfrotto, Gitzo, and Sirui.

Camera Bag

A reliable camera bag is essential for protecting your camera gear while on wildlife photography expeditions. Look for a bag that offers ample space, compartments, and padding to accommodate your camera body, lenses, accessories, and personal belongings. Weather resistance and comfort are also important factors to consider when selecting a camera bag. Popular camera bag brands include Lowepro, Think Tank Photo, and Peak Design.

Memory Cards

Having sufficient and reliable storage is crucial in wildlife photography. Invest in high-capacity and fast memory cards to ensure you can capture continuous shots without delay and store a large number of images. Look for SD cards with high read and write speeds, and consider carrying multiple cards as backups. Popular memory card brands include SanDisk, Lexar, and Sony.

Additional Batteries

Extended wildlife photography sessions can quickly drain your camera’s battery, leaving you unable to capture those crucial moments. Carry additional batteries specific to your camera model to ensure you have enough power to last throughout the day. Battery grips are also worth considering as they provide extended battery life and a more comfortable grip, especially for shooting in portrait orientation.

Learning Resources

Online Courses

Online courses are a convenient way to learn and improve your wildlife photography skills from the comfort of your home. Platforms like Udemy, CreativeLive, and Nikon School offer a variety of courses taught by professional wildlife photographers. These courses cover topics such as camera settings, composition techniques, post-processing, and specific wildlife photography tips.


Books on wildlife photography provide in-depth knowledge and inspiration for photographers of all levels. “The Art of Wildlife Photography” by Tom Mangelsen, “The Photographer’s Guide to Attracting Birds” by Alan Murphy, and “National Geographic: The Ultimate Field Guide to Photography” by Bob Martin are just a few examples of highly regarded wildlife photography books. These resources offer valuable insights, technical guidance, and showcase exceptional wildlife images.

Nature Photography Workshops

Participating in nature photography workshops can be a transformative experience for wildlife photographers. Workshops allow you to learn directly from seasoned professionals, receive personalized instruction, and gain hands-on experience in the field. Many photography organizations and individuals offer workshops in various locations, including national parks and wildlife reserves, providing unique opportunities to photograph diverse flora and fauna.

Choosing the Best Camera for Wildlife Photography as a Beginner

Tips for Wildlife Photography

Research and Familiarize with the Wildlife

Before embarking on a wildlife photography journey, it is essential to research and familiarize yourself with the animal species you intend to photograph. Learn about their behavior, habitats, and patterns of movement to increase your chances of capturing captivating moments. This knowledge allows you to anticipate their actions and be prepared to capture their natural behaviors.

Mastering Composition

Composition plays a vital role in wildlife photography, as it helps create visually appealing and impactful images. Experiment with different techniques such as the rule of thirds, leading lines, and framing to enhance your compositions. Be patient and observe your surroundings, looking for interesting angles, foreground elements, and unique perspectives that can elevate your wildlife images.

Patience and Timing

Patience is key in wildlife photography, as animals often follow their own schedules and exhibit unpredictable behaviors. Spend time observing and waiting for the perfect moment to capture that decisive wildlife encounter or interesting behavior. Being patient and having good timing will greatly increase your chances of capturing breathtaking shots.

Understanding Lighting

Lighting can make or break a wildlife photograph. Pay attention to the quality and direction of light, as it can dramatically affect the mood and details in your images. Golden hour, the period shortly after sunrise and before sunset, often provides soft and warm light that adds a magical touch to wildlife images. Experiment with backlighting, side lighting, and using natural elements to diffuse or reflect light for more creative results.


Choosing the right camera for wildlife photography is a journey that involves considering various factors such as budget, camera type, sensor size, zoom range, and autofocus performance. By understanding these factors and exploring recommended brands and camera models, you can make an informed decision that suits your needs as a wildlife photographer. Additionally, investing in suitable lenses, accessories, and learning resources will further enhance your wildlife photography skills and allow you to capture stunning images of the natural world. Remember, wildlife photography requires patience, practice, and a deep appreciation for the magnificent creatures that inhabit our planet. So grab your camera, embrace the adventure, and embark on an exciting journey through the lens to uncover the beauty of wildlife.

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Paul Deegan
Paul Deegan

Hello, I'm Paul, a seasoned photographer based in Dublin, Ireland. With a decade of experience under my belt, I've immersed myself in the fascinating intersection of photography and mental health.

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